The lijerica (Croatian pronunciation: [lijɛritsa]) is a musical instrument from Hercegovina and the Croatian region of Dalmatia. It is a pear-shaped, three-stringed instrument which is played with a bow. It is played to accompany the traditional linđo dance from the region. The lijerica's name comes from the lyra (Greek: λύρα), the bowed instrument of the Byzantine Empire which it probably evolved from.
The mih from the Pelješac peninsula is a transitional form of the ancient mih from Herzegovina that changed into the newer central Dalmatian mih.
Dalmatian diplas are the most widespread type of dipla or mih and were once found in the most of Lika, all of Dalmatia and Dalmatian Zagora, and all the way to the island of Korčula. This type of mih is characterized by decorations in the shape of tusks or horns (real or wooden), a blowpipe that is attached to the middle of the bag, the carved and stylized shape of a head on the barrel and a carved rotačka with which the rear opening of the bag was closed. These decorations were also specific for the mih from Herzegovina and Pelješac.
The lahuta or gusle (or gusla) (Croatian: gusle, Albanian: lahuta, Serbian: gusle/гусле, Romanian: guzlă, Bulgarian: гусла), is a single-stringed musical instrument used in the Balkans and in the Dinarides region.
The term gusle/gusli/husli/husla is common term to all Slavic languages and denotes a musical instrument with strings. The rge gusle should, however, not be confused with the Russian gusli, which is a psaltery-like instrument; nor with the Czech term for violin, housle.
The Gusle has many similarities with the lira, which was widely used throughout the Byzantine Empire and can still be heard in many post-Byzantine regions in almost exactly the same way. It is also similar to the Bulgarian Gadulka.
The Albanian version "lahuta" is closer to the Romanian version - lauta.
Amongst the South Slavs, the gusle is typically not played on its own; instead, it is used to accompany the voice of a vocalist called a guslar reciting and/or singing an epic story or legend.
* Regional varieties
o Croatian Gusle
o Albanian Lahuta
o Montenegrin Gusle
o Serbian Gusle